History of Gallipoli
Gallipoli peninsula has a backdrop whose impact goes deep into the fabrics of world history.
As early as the 5th century B.C., the peninsula witnessed the Peleponnesos wars, in which the control of Dardanelles was supposed to determine the fate of the war. Much later, with the break out of the First World War, the bloody chapters of war were re-opened in Gallipoli.
Australia and New Zealand, together as the allied force, tried to capture the peninsula in 1915, in order to make the way to the Black sea for allied navies. Their plan was to occupy Constantinople (current Istanbul), which was the capital of Ottoman Empire and a supporter of Germany. They landed in Turkey on April 25, met fierce Turkish defense and the war continued for eight months. Finally, by the end of 1915, the allied forces were vacated following countless deaths of soldiers on both sides. April 25 is still observed every year as the Anzac Day.
The area also holds a special place in the hearts of Turkish people because this was the center of activities of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk - the national hero and founder of modern Turkey.