History of Kutahya
The history of the region dates back to as early as 3rd millennium B.C. when it was called Kotiaion or Cotyaeum - "the city of the Goddess Kotys". Around 12th century, the region got attached to the Phrygian kingdom and thus became the most important city of the country. Later, though Phrygian kingdom collapsed, Kotiaion retained its strong position.
In 1071 C.E. the Seljuks conquered the city only to lose and reconquer it from the European crusaders. Around 1302 Kutahya became the capital of Germiyan Turkmen principality and in the next century it became part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1514, Sultan Selim-I defeated the Persians and resettled the tile workers from Tebriz in Kutahya and Iznik, thus leading the city to emerge as an Ottoman center of ceramic industries. Much later, in the 19th century, with the growth of Eskisehir, Kutahya lost some of its glamour and economic importance.