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Decline and Collapse of the Ottoman Empire

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After the death of Suleyman there was a progressive decline in the Ottoman Dynasty. The succession rules may have also contributed to the decline, for the later Sultans, having sunk into indolence and depravity had little interest in the affairs of the state. This also gave rise to a corrupt bureaucracy where bribery and nepotism became the order of the day.

Europe dealt its first serious blow to the Ottoman Empire in the battle of Lepanto in 1571, where Turkey suffered a naval defeat against the Spanish and the Venetians. In the 18th century, the Russo-Turkish wars resulted in further disintegration of the state. By the 19th century, Turkey was known as the `Sick Man of Europe`.

In 1908, the Young Turk movement restored the constitution but again in the two Balkan Wars, Turkey lost almost its entire territory to Bulgaria. In the First World War, Turkey was aligned with the Central Powers, though the Turkish resistance could not hold out in Asia and Europe.

With the Treaty of Sevres came the end of the Ottoman Empire. Victory of the Turkish Nationalists led by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk against the invading countries after this period, and secularisation of the state finally spelt the real end of the Ottoman Turkish Empire, effects of which are being felt even today. A powerful era of Ottoman Turkish history thus came to an end.


Ottoman Empire | Origin of Ottoman Empire | Rise of the Ottomans | Decline and Collapse of the Ottoman Empire