History of Aphrodisias

The record of Aphrodisias' past speaks of an indecision between pre-eminence and doom. Archaeological finds point towards the presence of a Chalcolithic culture that thrived even before the 3rd millennium B.C. The city had attained its heights in the Hellenistic Age and got its name then. It was also an important religious site in the 8th century B.C. However, with the arrival of Christianity all Pagan associations of the city were completely destroyed and the place was renamed Caria (the name was later changed to the present name Geyre). Further assault was brought upon the city by regular invasions of the Arabs, religious, political and economical conflicts, by disease and a major earthquake. The 7th century earthquake was the final nail in the coffin sealing the fate of Aphrodisias for the next generations. The invasion of the Seljuk Turks between the 11th and 13th century only made matters worse. Later, around the 15th century A.D., a new community was built and a village grew up in Geyre, but this was no match to the lost glory.