Bilecik is well connected to nearby urban centers by road and rail. The bus station is at the city center. The nearest railhead is 4km from the city center.
The history of Bilecik begins in the early 2nd millennium B.C. The Hittites, Phrygians, Lycians, Persians and the Greeks successively settled it throughout the ages. In 1298 A.D. the Ottomans took it from the Byzantines. The region suffered heavily during the Turkish war of Independence in which Bilicick played an important role.