History of Cankiri

Cankiri region of Turkey has witnessed the intervention of several races like Hittites, Pontus, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans.

As we go down the lane of history, we find that the foremost ruler of this region was the Paphlagonian king, Deiotarus philadelphus, under whose reign Cankiri was called Gangra (she-goat). After his death, the town was incorporated into the Roman province of Galatia. In the 3rd century B.C, a Galatian settlement took place, which was called "Gangrea". The location of the ancient city was on a hilltop behind the modern town of Cankiri. But from the Roman days, the city changed its position to the current one. In this period, the city usurped the name of Germanicopolis (after emperor Claudius), which lasted until the reign of Caracalla.

During the days of Christianity, in the middle of the 4th century, an important ecclestical synod took place in Cankiri. 21 Bishops assembled in this synod to take decision about Eustathius and his followers for their improper conduct in the society like condemning marriage, ignoring the offices of the church, denouncing riches, etc. At the end, the synod reprimanded the Eustathiun practices, but with considerable liberation. In the 15th century, Canciri was captured by the Ottomans and was imbibed in their empire. Much later, during Turkey's war of liberation, this city fought extremely well and was hence visited twice by Kemal Ataturk, the father figure of modern Turkey.