Main Attractions in Catalhoyuk

The Catalhoyuk settlements had an average population of 5000 to 8000 and were basically large villages. It was mainly a residential area without any signs of any particular public place or buildings. The houses were made of mud and brick and were very simple in nature but ventilation and hygiene were not well maintained. The houses had small openings in the ceiling, which acted as both the entryway and as the only source of aeration. The interiors of the houses were kept clean and waste was dumped right outside the house. There was a main room that served as the place for cooking and performing the daily chores, while additional rooms were used for storage purposes. Sleeping was done on raised daises built along walls.

Evidence shows that the inhabitants of Catalhoyuk used to bury their dead within the village and the bodies were firmly flexed as in a mummy.

Though there are no structures to suggest that the Catalhoyuks had any reigning religion yet colorful figurines and wall paintings suggest a symbolic religion.

Existence of agriculture and domestication is apparent in Catalhoyuk, however hunting remained to be the primary source of food. Pottery and making of obsidian paraphernalia were amongst the most common industry and the latter was also exported to Syria in return of Mediterranean Sea shells and flint.
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