Main Attractions in Ephesus

The city of Ephesus is virtually dotted with historical spots, which you must see during your visit. Apart from the ruins there are fountains, libraries, and pools all over the city. Some of the coveted historical sites include:

Temple of Artemis
The temple of Artemis (Diana) was one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. This temple of the virgin God of Nature was 115m long and housed 127 columns of which 36 fa├žade columns were decorated with relics.

The Basilica constructed during the reign of Augustus, served as an Exchange and was thus devoted to commerce. It is a typical Roman structure, 165m in length and contains columns with 1st century A.D. bulls' heads.

Church of St. John
As the legend goes, St John lived here during 37-42 A.D., wrote his Gospel and after death was buried following his wish. The current structure got built during the reign of Justinian (577-565AD), the Byzantine emperor. This church contains some of the most valuable frescoes and is partly in ruins.

Church of Virgin Mary
This is the first church, which was dedicated to Virgin Mary who had spent the twilight years of her life in Ephesus. It housed the 3rd Ecumenical council and had remained an important seat of Christianity since then. During Emperor Justinian's rule, the church underwent some reconstruction and a centrally planned chapel was included in the existing structure.

Built in the Hellenistic period, this structure was renovated in the 3rd century during the reign of Caracalla (211-217A.D.). It was surrounded by columns, and was adorned with three entrances, from the direction of the Theatre, Harbor and the Celsus library. The Agora is shaped like a square with the north side left open and the remaining three sides surrounded by porch housing shops.

The Aqueduct of Sextilius Pollio
This two storied conduit brought water to Ephesus from Marnas and was commissioned by Sextilius Pollio between 7-15 A.D. It is a 3.5 kilometers long structure and you will find it at Derbent Creek. As the aqueduct climbs along the slopes of Derbent it gives a marvelous view.

Apart from these, other well-known tourist attractions are:
  • Temple of Hadrian
  • Terrace Houses
  • Isabey Mosque
  • Celsus library
  • Ephesus Museum,
  • Baths of Varius
  • Scholastika and
  • The Fountains of Trajan and Pollio