Cilo-Sat Mountain Range

The Cilo-Sat Mountains, within the southeastern Hakkari province are the eastern extension of the Toros (Taurus) mountain chain, which stretches from west to east along Turkey's southern boundaries. At 4136 meters, the Uludoruk (Re ko) summit is the highest in the Cilo Mountains and the Catalkaya (Samdi), which rises to 3794 meters, it is the highest peak in the Sat Mountains.

Of the ten differently shaped glaciers in this region, the largest, Izbìrak, measures five kilometers in length, 500-600 meters in width, and reaches up to 100 meters in depth. A wide arid expanse stretches across the southern base of the mountain range. The fertile green valleys are dotted with rural settlements, and the temperate climate of the valleys makes them ideal for wine and fruit agriculture. Above the low valleys, alpine meadows blanket the mountain slopes at altitudes between 2000 and 3100 meters.

The climate, geographical location and topography all synergizes to make the Cilo Sat Mountains an alluring location for mountaineers and outdoor adventure enthusiasts. The snow-clad peaks, icy glaciers and swiftly flowing rivers make a picture perfect world. The months of June, July and August are the best for summer excursions, while February and March are the most suitable months for winter climbing.