History of Hierapolis

The exact region to which Hieropolis belonged is a matter of debate. It could have been either in Lydia, Phrygia or Carcia. The name perhaps came from the numerous temples and religious structures found on the site. The name could also have been derived from Hiera, wife of Telephos - the founder of Pergamon. King Eumenes II of Pergamon founded the city according to some historians. In 133 BC however King Attalus II gave the city to the Romans.

Despite being devastated time and again by earthquakes, the city was rebuilt and flourished under the Romans in the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Art, craft and trade of woolen textiles and flowers thrived during this period.

Later, Constantine the Great made Hierapolis the Phrygian capital and the large Jewish population caused Christianity to spread rapidly in the region. Later on in the 12th century the city was under the Seljuk Turk rule for a short period but was soon under Byzantine rule again. The latter ruled the city till about the 14th century after which the city has not been lived in.