History of Kalkan

The strategic location of Kalkan as the only protected marina between Kas and Fethiye was the reason behind its significance in the 19th century and, which spurred the founding of a community. In fact it was during the Ottoman rule that the Greek and Turkish people first settled there, which is almost 200 years ago. It was the hub of Ottoman trading and dealt in silk, wine, olive oil, charcoal, high quality wood, grain, flour, cotton, sesame seed, acorns and grapes.

Rapid development in Kalkan resulted in a well populated village by the early 20th century. Soon after World War I however and during the Turkish War of Independence around 1921, Greek residents migrated from Kalkan. However, trading continued until the improvement of Turkish infrastructure brought an end to it.

When sea trade lost its importance much of the populace moved out of Kalkan, presently however the mainstay of Kalkan is its tourism appeal.