Poems of Nazim Hikmet, Continued

Many of Nazim Hikmet's poems written during his exile years portray a sense of nostalgia, a yearning to return to the roots. Thus the poems of these years mused on "white houses" and "an autumn morning in a wine yard", a definite fallback to the Turkish landscape.

He was a condemned figure in Turkey but his works, even in those days, found favor among the foreigners, especially in the Socialist nations. Many of his poems have been dramatized and several of his literary works have been regularly published in other countries.

Nazim Hikmet was not only a pioneer among the Turkish poets; he was also a playwright and a dramatist of repute.

Bertold Brecht's epic theatrical techniques influenced Hikmet. Some of his most well known works are:
  • By The Fireside (1932) tells the tale of a poet's love
  • Kafatasi; The House of the Deceased (1932) is based on the greed and hypocrisy of a middle-class family
  • Unutulan Adam (1935) harps on the transience of fame and the incongruity between one's professional success and one's personal happiness
  • Ferhad and Sirin (1945) is a love story which was later adapted into a ballet and also a film
  • Ivan Ivanovic Var Miydi Yok Muydu (1956) was written shortly after Stalin's death and attacked dictatorship and the overthrowing of the old order by the new
  • Sword of Damocles (1974) depicted the threat of nuclear holocaust
  • Sabahat (1977) raised a voice against the exploitation of the proletariat by the leaders


Nazim Hikmet's socialist ideals are evident in the themes of his plays. However he has also touched issues like loneliness, betrayal and human emotions.

Some of his well-known works are Jokond Ile Si-Ya-U, Gece Gelen Telgraf, Portreler, Kan Konusmaz, Taranta Babu'ya Mektuplar, Fatma, Ali Ve Baskalari, Enayi, Kurtulus Savasi Destani, Yesil Elmalar, Sesini Kaybeden Sehir, Inek, Rabailer, Yolcu, Yusuf Ile Menofis, The Day Before Tomorrow and The Things I Didn't Know I Loved.

He has also to his credit, a collection of tales Sewvdali Bulut (1968), a compilation of newspaper columns, It Ürür Kervan Yürür (1965) and three volumes of letters.