History of Pergamum

Pergamum was first found in historical annals from around 323 B.C. after the death of Alexander the Great when his general Lysimachus hid around 9000 gold talents (1 talent is equivalent to US$ 7500 approximately) in the city. It soon became an important metropolis of the Hellenistic kingdom under the Attalid rule in the 3rd and 2nd century B.C. However, after the death of Attalus III in 133 B.C. Pergamum was handed down to Rome and in the 1st century A.D., the Christian church of Pergamum was one of the seven churches mentioned in the Book of Revelation. Later Byzantine rule has also left its mark on Pergamum.

Excavations however point to a much earlier settlement in Pergamum dating back to the Early Bronze Age.