Main Attractions in Simena

The best way to explore the place is to take a boat trip down the coastline in the Mediterranean. As you cruise across the bay, you can see the ruins of the submerged city under the crystal clear water. Half of the houses are under water. It is fascinating to see parts of the ancient houses jutting out and staircases descending into the water - apparently to nowhere. Also visible under the sea are foundations of the old houses and the ancient harbor.

As you reach the mainland, you can see the charming village of Simena with its ancient structures and the medieval castle on the hill, which is one of the main attractions for visitors. You will see several ancient structures in the village that bear evidence of Lycian, Roman, Byzantine, Medieval and Ottoman architecture. As you reach the shore you have to go via the jetty behind an ancient sarcophagus to go to the village. Climbing up the slopes, you reach a well-conserved crusader's castle dramatically poised on the hilltop. The castle is built partly on ancient Lycian structures and was mainly used during the Byzantine period. Inside the castle you will a find a small amphitheatre of the times. It is perhaps the smallest natural theatre in all the Lycian cities. The theatre is carved out of rock with only seven rows of seats to accommodate about 300 people.

In the inner walls you will find a few blocks of the remains of an ancient temple and a part of the village. Looking down from the castle you can see several sarcophagi, belonging to the Lycian period, scattered on the hillside. On the western side you can also catch a glimpse of the well-maintained ruins of the Titus Baths along the shoreline. Some of the inscriptions on the baths are still legible. There is one that says "A gift to the emperor Titus made by the people and council of Aperlai as well as by the other cities of the confederation".