Main Attractions in Troy

Archaeological excavations in Hisarlik have revealed nine separate periods of settlement; but at present you will find the ruins of city walls, house foundations, a temple and a theatre stand. A recent wooden replica of the famous Trojan Horse symbolically stands on the site to commemorate the legendary war.

A tour of the excavation site follows a pre-defined route, which comprises twelve information points, commencing at Information Point 1. From Point 2 you get a panoramic view of the entire site, and the area is dotted with remains of large houses of the Mycenaean settlement, particularly appealing for their stone masonry.

The great retaining wall, which can be observed from point 3, dates back to the Roman period. While the Roman Temple of Athena at information point 4 with its columns and pillars testifies the fondness of the Mycenaeans for monumental architecture. From point 4 you can also see remains of the "Burnt Town" (Troy II). This town, Schliemann maintained, was Priam's Troy, burnt by Agamemnon and the Achaeans.

At Information Point 5 stands a cross-section of Troy I's fortifications with a tower-like projection. Immediately above the tower still stands the massive threshold of a Propylon from Troy III. The Propylon was the entrance to a group of buildings in the center of Troy II citadel, which were probably occupied by the city's ruler. Many fascinating finds have been unearthed in this level.

Information Point 7 is Schliemann's trench, the area where Schliemann first excavated to unearth the mystery. Many people are of the opinion that Schliemann's archaeological methods were very destructive. In his conviction that the city of Priam would be found in the earliest layers, he demolished many interesting buildings and structures from later eras. A wooden bridge crossing the three ring walls of Troy II leads past the base of the ramp to Information Point 8.

The preserved remains of Troy VII's wall are visible on the way to Information Point 9, from where the Kitchen Building, named so because of the large Pithois (storage vessels) and other objects found in one of the rooms, is visible. Meandering to Information Point 10 leads you to shrines and altars. At point 11 you will observe that at the edge of the former agora (public open space) stood the Odeion, a small theater for musical performances, and a little further east, the Bouleuterion, the Roman town hall.

The tour ends at Point 12 or the South Gate, which was in all probability the main entrance to the town, but what is left, is only a paved roadway to the right of the tower.
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